National Vitamin C Day : In layman’s terms, a vitamin is a type of nutrient that our body requires in small amounts to stay healthy. There are several other nutrients, like carbohydrates, protein, fats, and calcium, along with vitamins, that our body needs in a balanced amount to function smoothly.
Vitamins are micronutrients. It’s crucial for a child’s general growth and ensures they remain healthy throughout their lives. These are organic chemicals that are necessary for our body to function.
Different vitamins have various purposes, such as strengthening your immune system and constructing your bones. The food you eat the majority of the time includes vitamins.
Therefore it is necessary to consume a healthy balanced diet every day. There are several kinds of vitamins, each of which serves its function.
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TYPES OF VITAMINS ARE:
There are several types of vitamins; we’ll discuss a few of these below:
Two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins.
1. Fat-soluble are those vitamins that are present in foods that contain fat and do not dissolve in water.
A few of these are vitamins A, D, E, and K.
2. Water soluble:
As we know, water-soluble vitamins do not stay in the body long. It flows out with urine. Therefore people need comparatively more water-soluble vitamins than fat-soluble vitamins.
Vitamins C and B are water-soluble vitamins.
THE IMPORTANCE OF THESE VITAMINS IS:
1. Vitamin A:
It is a fat-soluble vitamin and is very important for maintaining eye health. Any deficiency of this vitamin may lead to night blindness and makes the eyes cloudy, hazy, etc.
The Source of this is carrot, broccoli, spinach, etc.
2. Vitamin D:
It is a fat-soluble vitamin and is necessary for bone mineralization. Any deficiency of this causes rickets, softening of bones, etc.
Sources are rays from the sun, fatty fish, eggs, etc.
3. Vitamin E:
It is a fat-soluble vitamin essential for strengthening the body against illness and infection and strengthening the immune system. Any deficiency of this weakens our immune system, causing anemia, etc.
Sources are kiwis, almonds, leafy vegetables, etc.
4. Vitamin K:
It is also a fat-soluble vitamin essential for blood clotting and improves cardiovascular health. Any deficiency of this causes osteoporosis, risk of cardiovascular disease, etc.
Sources are leafy vegetables, pumpkins, etc.
5. Vitamin B:
a. Vitamin B1
It is a water-soluble vitamin that helps produce enzymes that break blood sugar. Any deficiency of this causes beriberi.
Sources are yeast, pork, cereal grains, potatoes, etc.
b. Vitamin B2:
It comes under water-soluble vitamins and is necessary for the overall development and growth of the body and improves metabolism. Any deficiency of this causes lips inflammation, etc.
Sources are cottage cheese, milk, yogurt, green beans, etc.
c. Vitamin B3:
It is also a water-soluble vitamin and contains the chemical niacin necessary for cells to grow and work properly. Any deficiency of this causes diarrhea, skin changes, etc.
Sources are beef, chicken, salmon, etc.
d. Vitamin B12:
It is a water-soluble vitamin and plays a vital role in maintaining the body’s nervous system.
Any deficiency of this causes neurological problems and some anemia.
Sources are fish, eggs, other dairy products, etc.
e. Vitamin B9:
It is a water-soluble vitamin and contains the chemical folic acid and helps to maintain the RNA and DNA. It can affect the fetus’s nervous system at the time of pregnancy.
Sources are peas, legumes, sunflower seeds, etc.
6. Vitamin C:
It also comes under the category of water-soluble and is important for healing the wound, proper formation of bone, also strengthening the vessels of blood, etc. Any deficiency causes gums to start bleeding, teeth to break easily and become fragile, wounds not to heal properly, etc. National Vitamin C Day is observed on April 4, each year.
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Sources are fruits like oranges and some vegetables, etc.
Lastly, every nutrient has its importance, and so do vitamins. As we all know, anything in excess is poison. So whatever we consume needs to have a balance.
There are several vitamins, each of which has pros and cons. So every individual should do an in-depth analysis before consuming that vitamin.
They should know about their body, what it requires, and in what proportion. National Vitamin C Day is observed on April 4, 2023.
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